Getting a security clearance involves a detailed process, and the specific steps can vary depending on your country and the type of clearance required. Here is a general guide with tips:

  1. Determine the Type of Clearance Needed:
  2. Employment or Military Service:
    • Security clearances are typically sponsored by employers or the military. Secure a job or enlist in a branch of the military that requires a clearance.
  3. Background Check:
    • Expect an extensive background check. This includes a review of your criminal record, financial history, and personal conduct.
  4. Complete the SF-86 Form:
    • In the United States, you’ll need to fill out the Standard Form 86 (SF-86), also known as the Questionnaire for National Security Positions. Provide accurate and detailed information.
  5. Interview:
    • Be prepared for an interview with an investigator. They may ask about the information you provided on the SF-86 form.
  6. Wait for Adjudication:
    • The information gathered during the background check is reviewed, and a decision is made on whether to grant the security clearance.
  7. Polygraph Examination (if required):
    • Some positions may require a polygraph examination to verify the accuracy of the information provided.
  8. Medical Examination:
    • Certain clearances may involve a medical examination to ensure you are physically and mentally fit for the position.
  9. Follow Security Guidelines:
    • Adhere to security guidelines and procedures during the application process and while holding the clearance.
  10. Maintain Eligibility:
    • Once granted a security clearance, it’s essential to continue to meet eligibility requirements. Be cautious about activities that could jeopardize your clearance.


  • Be Honest and Accurate: Provide truthful and accurate information on all forms and during interviews.
  • Prepare for the Interview: Familiarize yourself with the information on your SF-86 form to be ready for the interview.
  • Maintain Good Credit: Financial responsibility is often considered during the clearance process.
  • Seek Professional Guidance: If you have concerns or questions, consult with a security clearance attorney or advisor.

Remember that the process and requirements may vary, so it’s crucial to follow the specific guidelines provided by the organization or government agency granting the clearance.